Differential effect of intracoronary infusion of mobilized peripheral blood stem cells by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on left ventricular function and remodeling in patients with acute myocardial infarction versus old myocardial infarction: the MAGIC Cell-3-DES randomized, controlled trial

Hyun-Jae Kang, Hae-Young Lee, Sang-Hoon Na, Sung-A Chang, Kyung-Woo Park, Hyung-Kwan Kim, Song-Yi Kim, Ho-Joon Chang, Whal Lee, Won Jun Kang, Bon-Kwon Koo, Yong-Jin Kim, Dong Soo Lee, Dae-Won Sohn, Kyou-Sup Han, Byung-Hee Oh, Young-Bae Park, Hyo-Soo Kim
Circulation 2006 July 4, 114 (1): I145-51

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of intracoronary infusion of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) has not been compared between patients with acute (AMI) versus old myocardial infarction (OMI). In addition, the potential risk of restenosis associated with G-CSF-based stem cell therapy has not been evaluated in the setting of drug eluting stent (DES) implantation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly allocated 96 patients with myocardial infarction who underwent coronary revascularization with DES for the culprit lesion into 4 groups. Eighty-two patients completed 6-month follow-up; AMI cell infusion (n=25), AMI control (n=25), OMI cell infusion (n=16), and OMI control group (n=16). In cell infusion groups, PBSCs were mobilized by G-CSF for 3 days and delivered to infarcted myocardium via intracoronary infusion. The AMI cell infusion group showed a significant additive improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and remodeling compared with controls (change of LVEF: +5.1+/-9.1% versus -0.2+/-8.6%, P<0.05; change of end-systolic volume: -5.4+/-17.0 mL versus 6.5+/-21.9 mL, P<0.05). In OMI patients, however, there was no significant change of LVEF and ventricular remodeling in spite of significant improvement of coronary flow reserve after cell infusion. G-CSF-based cell therapy did not aggravate neointimal growth with DES implantation.

CONCLUSIONS: Intracoronary infusion of mobilized PBSCs with G-CSF improves LVEF and remodeling in patients with AMI but is less definite in patients with OMI. G-CSF-based stem cell therapy with DES implantation is both feasible and safe, eliminating any potential for restenosis.

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