The complement regulator C4b-binding protein (C4BP) interacts with both the C4c and C4dg subfragments of the parent C4b ligand: evidence for synergy in C4BP subsite binding

Elisa Leung, Anna M Blom, Liliana Clemenza, David E Isenman
Biochemistry 2006 July 11, 45 (27): 8378-92
C4b-binding protein (C4BP) is a multimeric serum protein that is a potent regulator of the classical and lectin complement pathways. The binding site for C4b has been localized to complement control protein (CCP) domains 1-3 of the C4BP alpha-chain and, in particular, to a cluster of positively charged amino acids predicted to be at the interface between CCP 1 and CCP 2. To determine the regions of C4b contributing to C4BP binding, we have examined via surface plasmon resonance technology the binding of the C4c and C4dg subfragments of C4b to C4BP. At half-physiologic ionic strength, specific and saturable binding was observed for both C4c and C4dg. C4c exhibited much greater ionic strength sensitivity in its binding than did C4dg. Analysis of the effect on binding of the subfragments to various C4b-binding-defective C4BP mutants, together with cross-competition experiments, suggests that the subsites in C4BP for C4c and C4dg are adjacent, but distinct. Additionally, we observed synergy in subsite filling such that the presence of C4dg enhanced the extent of C4c binding over its basal level, and vice versa. The enhanced binding of C4c in the presence of C4dg was not due to an increase in affinity but rather reflected a 2-3-fold increase in the number of sites capable of binding C4c. This suggests the existence of a conformational equilibrium between high- and low-affinity states in the C4c binding subsite within each C4BP subunit, an equilibrium which is shifted in favor of the high-affinity state by the filling of the C4dg subsite.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"