Efficacy and safety of pramipexole in idiopathic restless legs syndrome: a polysomnographic dose-finding study—the PRELUDE study

Markku Partinen, Kari Hirvonen, Leni Jama, Anniina Alakuijala, Christer Hublin, Ilkka Tamminen, Juergen Koester, Juergen Reess
Sleep Medicine 2006, 7 (5): 407-17

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of pramipexole (0.125-0.75 mg/d) on polysomnographic (PSG) measures and patient and clinician ratings of restless legs syndrome (RLS).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n=109) with moderate to severe RLS were randomized to placebo or fixed doses of pramipexole during a 3-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study.

RESULTS: In each pramipexole dose group, the periodic limb movements during time in bed index (PLMI) decreased significantly, compared with placebo (adjusted mean difference in log-transformed data: 0.125 mg, -1.54; 0.25 mg, -1.93; 0.50 mg, -1.89; and 0.75 mg, -1.52; P<0.0001). At all doses, International RLS Study Group Rating Scale (IRLS) scores were also significantly reduced, with the greatest adjusted mean reduction in the 0.50mg group (-17.01). At all but the lowest pramipexole dose, the percentage of responders (> or =50% reduction of IRLS score) was substantially higher than for placebo (61.9-77.3, vs 33.3%). In the pramipexole groups, 50.0-77.3% of patients rated their condition as 'much better' or 'very much better', compared with 38.1% of patients in the placebo group (P=0.0139 for the 0.50 mg dose). Clinical global impressions (CGI) scale ratings of 'much improved' or 'very much improved' were given to 61.9-86.4% of patients in the pramipexole groups, compared with 42.9% in the placebo group (P<0.05 for the 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 mg groups). Pramipexole was well tolerated and did not produce somnolence at any dose.

CONCLUSION: Pramipexole is effective and safe in the treatment of both objective and subjective facets of RLS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"