[Chronic inflammatory bowel disease and cardiovascular complications]

Philipp Rellecke, Bodo Eckehard Strauer
Medizinische Klinik 2006 March 22, 101 Suppl 1: 56-60
The most common extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are iritis and uveitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and nodal erythema and pyoderma gangrenosum. Complications within the cardiovascular system seem to be uncommon, but there are no systematic investigations concerning the epidemiology of these manifestations. There are more than 100 cases reported about pericarditis and perimyocarditis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Other patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis suffer from vasculitis, representing a further mechanism of inflammatory diseases of the cardiovascular system. There are several case reports showing a combination of Takayasu's arteritis and Crohn's disease, and cross-reacting antibodies against gut mucosa and aortic tissue were found. Some patients developed thrombotic complications by activating the coagulation system, which can result in atrial thrombi, embolism of the pulmonary arteries, myocardial infarction and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). Furthermore, a few case were reported about atrio ventricular blocks, amyloidosis of the heart, dilative cardiomyopathy and endomyocardial fibrosis in patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Here, a 27-year-old patient with known ulcerative colitis for 2 years is reported, who presented in the authors' department with unstable angina pectoris. Coronary angiographic examination was immediately performed and diffuse intracoronary thrombi were found, which could be removed by the catheter procedure. A myocardial infarction did not develop. Because of positive anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (p-ANCA) a p-ANCA-positive arteritis of the coronary vessels with intracoronary thromboembolism due to ulcerative colitis was diagnosed. Systematic studies or investigations concerning the epidemiology of the cardiovascular complications are still lacking, so that an overview about the published data is given.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"