Urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline in Perthes' disease: a prospective, controlled comparative study in 83 children

B Westhoff, R Krauspe, A E Kalke, D Hermsen, B Kowall, R Willers, U Schneider
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume 2006, 88 (7): 967-71
Our aim was to investigate the relationship between urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline (DPD) as a marker of bone resorption, and Perthes' disease. There were 39 children with Perthes' disease in the florid stage who collected first-morning urine samples at regular intervals of at least three months. The level of urinary DPD was analysed by chemiluminescence immunoassay and was correlated with the radiological stage of the disease as classified by Waldenström, and the severity of epiphyseal involvement according to the classification systems of Catterall and Herring. The urinary DPD levels of a group of 44 healthy children were used as a control. The median urinary DPD/creatinine (CREA) ratio was significantly reduced (p < 0.0001) in the condensation stage and increased to slightly elevated values at the final stage (p = 0.05) when compared with that of the control group. Herring-C patients showed significantly lower median DPD/CREA ratios than Herring-B patients (p = 0.03). The significantly decreased median DPD/CREA ratio in early Perthes' disease indicated a reduced bone turnover and supports the theory of a systemic aetiology. Urinary levels of DPD may therefore be used to monitor the course of Perthes' disease.

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