JOURNAL ARTICLE

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate protects against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced necrotic cell death by modulating the recruitment of TNF receptor 1-associated death domain and receptor-interacting protein into the TNF receptor 1 signaling complex: Implication for the regulatory role of protein kinase C

Hee Sun Byun, Kyeong Ah Park, Minho Won, Keum-Jin Yang, Sanghee Shin, Longzhen Piao, Jin Young Kwak, Zee-Won Lee, Jongsun Park, Jeong Ho Seok, Zheng-Gang Liu, Gang Min Hur
Molecular Pharmacology 2006, 70 (3): 1099-108
16798936
Protein kinase C (PKC) triggers cellular signals that regulate proliferation or death in a cell- and stimulus-specific manner. Although previous studies have demonstrated that activation of PKC with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) protects cells from apoptosis induced by a number of mechanisms, including death receptor ligation, little is known about the effect or mechanism of PMA in the necrotic cell death. Here, we demonstrate that PMA-mediated activation of PKC protects against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced necrosis by disrupting formation of the TNF receptor (TNFR)1 signaling complex. Pretreatment with PMA protected L929 cells from TNF-induced necrotic cell death in a PKC-dependent manner, but it did not protect against DNA-damaging agents, including doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and camptothecin. Analysis of the upstream signaling events affected by PMA revealed that it markedly inhibited the TNF-induced recruitment of TNFR1-associated death domain protein (TRADD) and receptor-interacting protein (RIP) to TNFR1, subsequently inhibiting TNF-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). However, JNK inhibitors do not significantly affect TNF-induced necrosis, suggesting that the inhibition of JNK activation by PMA is not part of the antinecrotic mechanism. In addition, PMA acted as an antagonist of TNF-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, thereby suppressing activation of ROS-mediated poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP), and thus inhibiting necrotic cell death. Furthermore, during TNF-induced necrosis, PARP was significantly activated in wild-type mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells but not in RIP-/- or TNFR-associated factor 2-/-MEF cells. Taken together, these results suggest that PKC activation ensures effective shutdown of the death receptor-mediated necrotic cell death pathway by modulating formation of the death receptor signaling complex.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16798936
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"