Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.


Analysis of surgical outcome in complex double-outlet right ventricle with heterotaxy syndrome or complete atrioventricular canal defect

Koh Takeuchi, Francis X McGowan, Emile A Bacha, John E Mayer, David Zurakowski, Masaki Otaki, Pedro J del Nido
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2006, 82 (1): 146-52

BACKGROUND: Double-outlet right ventricle encompasses a broad spectrum of anomalies. Heterotaxy syndrome, which is often associated with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and complete atrioventricular canal defect, has been considered a risk factor for surgical repair of double-outlet right ventricle.

METHODS: From January 1992 to May 1999, medical records of 96 patients (50 males, 46 females) who had complex double-outlet right ventricle with heterotaxy and/or complete atrioventricular canal defect were reviewed (median age at initial surgery 3 months). Seventeen patients were neonates requiring surgery. Follow-up ranged from 1 day to 7.4 years (median, 16 months).

RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients had heterotaxy syndrome (27 with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection). Eighty-three had complete atrioventricular canal defect, 22 with moderate to severe atrioventricular valve regurgitation at the time of surgical repair. Eight patients had two-ventricle repair, and 88 patients were considered for single-ventricle management (bidirectional Glenn, 37; Fontan, 44). One patient had heart transplantation after bidirectional Glenn. There were 16 deaths including 10 early (<30 days postoperatively). Overall survival (95% confidence interval) estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method was 89% (83% to 96%) at 1 month, 84% (76% to 91%) at 1 year, and 81% (73% to 89%) at 5 years. Multivariate analysis revealed that neonatal presentation requiring surgery (p < 0.0001), moderate to severe atrioventricular valve regurgitation (p = 0.03), and pulmonary venous obstruction (p = 0.02) were risk factors for death.

CONCLUSIONS: Atrioventricular valve regurgitation, pulmonary venous obstruction, and neonatal presentation are risk factors for mortality in patients with complex double-outlet right ventricle. Early surgical intervention in symptomatic neonates and infants, including those with pulmonary venous obstruction, may reduce mortality and improve outcome after staged operation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.