JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cyclophosphamide suppresses thioredoxin reductase in bladder tissue and its adaptive response via inductions of thioredoxin reductase and glutathione peroxidase

Jinsong Zhang, Keyang Ma, Huali Wang
Chemico-biological Interactions 2006 July 25, 162 (1): 24-30
16797508
Mammalian thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) catalyzes the reduction of oxidized thioredoxin in a NADPH-dependent manner, and contains a selenocysteine residue near the C-terminus. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) is one of the primary antioxidant enzymes that scavenge hydrogen peroxide and organic hydroperoxides. Both TrxR and GPx play an important role in protecting against oxidative stress. Cyclophosphamide (CTX), one of the most widely prescribed antineoplastic drugs, could cause cystitis. We found that 4 h after a bolus dose of CTX (30, 90, 150, 300 and 450 mg/kg) were administrated intraperitoneally, TrxR activity was significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner, by 32%, 44%, 68%, 87% and 99%, respectively, in comparison with control group. When fixing CTX dose at 150 mg/kg, TrxR activity changed over time, significantly reduced to 68% of the activity in comparison with control tissue at 2 h, and gradually recovered to normal level within 24 h. In addition, we found that GPx activity was induced significantly after 4h. The results of the present study suggest that marked suppression of TrxR activity could be involved in the mechanism of CTX-induced cystitis, bladder may have a protective system against tissue damage by CTX via upregulation of TrxR and GPx, which is an adaptive response to oxidative stress.

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