JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Alcohol sclerotherapy: a new method for Bartholin gland cyst treatment.

AIM: Bartholin gland cysts are one of the most common gynecologic problems. Around 2% of women suffer from these pathologies. Bartholin gland cyst are generally asymptomatic, but sometimes extremely painful to restrict physical activity. The treatment choice is related to the patient's age, the size of the cyst or abscess and relapses, but different approaches are possible. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficicacy and safety of the alcohol sclerotherapy versus the only aspiration to cure symptomatic cysts or abscesses of the Bartholin's gland.

METHODS: Between January 2002 and June 2004, 18 patients suffering from Bartholin symptomatic unilateral cysts or with abscess are selected. These patients have been divided into 2 groups and they have been treated with alcohol sclerotherapy or aspiration. The simple aspiration removes only the cyst fluid. The alcohol sclerotherapy allows to destroy the epithelial covering of the cyst by a coagulative necrosis and then a fibrosis which covers the cavity and prevents the reformation of liquid.

RESULTS: Treatment has been satisfactory for all the patients, and treatment time has been shorter with alcohol sclerotherapy. None of the patients, in both groups, presented sexual dysfunctions or dyspareunia.

CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol sclerotherapy might be an ideal and safe procedure in the treatment of the Bartholin's gland or abscesses with a low percentage of relapses.

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