Inhibition of the striatum-enriched phosphodiesterase PDE10A: a novel approach to the treatment of psychosis

Judith A Siuciak, Douglas S Chapin, John F Harms, Lorraine A Lebel, Sheryl A McCarthy, Leslie Chambers, Alka Shrikhande, Stephen Wong, Frank S Menniti, Christopher J Schmidt
Neuropharmacology 2006, 51 (2): 386-96
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) is a recently identified cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase expressed primarily in dopaminoreceptive medium spiny neurons of the striatum. We report that papaverine is a potent, specific inhibitor of PDE10A and use this compound to explore the role of PDE10A in regulating striatal function. Papaverine administration produces an increase in striatal tissue levels of cGMP and an increase in extracellular cAMP measured by microdialysis. These cyclic nucleotide changes are accompanied by increases in the phosphorylation of CREB and ERK, downstream markers of neuronal activation. In rats, papaverine potentiates haloperidol-induced catalepsy, consistent with the hypothesis that inhibition of PDE10A can increase striatal output and prompting a further evaluation of papaverine in models predictive of antipsychotic activity. Papaverine is found to inhibit conditioned avoidance responding in rats and mice and to inhibit PCP- and amphetamine-stimulated locomotor activity in rats. The effects of papaverine on striatal cGMP and CREB and ERK phosphorylation, as well as on conditioned avoidance responding, were absent in PDE10A knockout mice, indicating that the effects of the compound are the result of PDE10A inhibition. These results indicate that PDE10A regulates the activation of striatal medium spiny neurons through effects on cAMP- and cGMP-dependent signaling cascades. Furthermore, the present results demonstrate that papaverine has efficacy in behavioral models predictive of antipsychotic activity. Thus, inhibition of PDE10A may represent a novel approach to the treatment of psychosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"