JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Relationship between paraoxonase 1 55 Met/Leu, paraoxonase 2 148 Ala/Gly genetic polymorphisms and coronary artery disease]

Dong-sheng Chi, Wen-hua Ling, Jing Ma, Min Xia, Meng-jun Hou, Qing Wang, Hui-lian Zhu, Zhi-hong Tang, Xiao-ping Yu
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics 2006, 23 (3): 289-93
16767666

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationships between paraoxonase 1 55 Met/Leu (PON1 55Met/Leu), paraoxonase 2 148 Ala/Gly(PON2 148Ala/Gly) genetic polymorphisms and coronary artery disease(CAD), plasma activities of paraoxonase (PON), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), as well as plasma concentration of maleic dialdehyde (MDA).

METHODS: The PCR-RFLP method was applied to identify the genetic polymorphisms of PON1 55Met/Leu and PON2 148Ala/Gly, and the colorimetry way was used to detect plasma activities of PON, T-SOD and plasma MDA concentration of 262 CAD patients and 100 controls.

RESULTS: Comparing with control, the CAD patient had the obviously lower activities of enzymes PON (349.27+/- 138.36 nmol/min.mL vs 454.75+/- 166.00 nmol/min.mL, P< 0.001) and T-SOD (23.61+/- 16.51 U/mL vs 44.01+/- 22.68 U/mL, P< 0.001) while getting the plasma MDA concentration increased markedly(2.47+/- 0.73 nmol/mL vs2.15+/- 0.55 nmol/mL, P< 0.01). The CAD patient had more LM genotype and M allele of PON1 55Met/Leu(24.8% vs 1.4%, P< 0.001 and 12.4% vs 0.5%, P was 0.001 respectively), GG and AG genotype and G allele of PON2 148 Ala/Gly(11.8% vs 5.0%, P< 0.001; 48.1% vs 24.0%, P< 0.001 and 36.0% vs 17.0%, P< 0.001 respectively) than control did. The activities of plasma PON and T-SOD were lower in individuals with PON??1 55 LM genotype than those with LL genotype(304.73+/- 125.04 vs 394.84+/- 154.87 nmol/min.mL and 24.89+/- 16.14 vs 30.22+/- 21.29 U/mL, P< 0.001 and P< 0.05 respectively). The activity of plasma PON was also lower in individuals with PON2 148 GG/AG genotype than that with AA genotype(281.47+/- 84.70 vs 356.00+/- 145.95 vs 417.34+/- 159.00 nmol/min.mL, P< 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that PON1 55 LM genotype (OR 29.08, 95%CI 2.88-294.04, P was 0.004) and M allele(OR 15.17, 95%CI 1.32-174.29, P was 0.029), PON2 148 GG/AG genotype (OR 2.32, 95%CI 1.52-3.54, P< 0. 001) and G allele (OR 3.24, 95%CI 1.38-7.61, P was 0.007) were independent risk factors for CAD.

CONCLUSION: The CAD patient has the obviously low activities of plasma PON and T-SOD but on the contrary, get the plasma MDA concentration increased markedly. PON1 55 LM genotype and M allele, PON2 148 GG/AG genotype and G allele are the risk factors for coronary artery disease, and the activity of plasma PON is also markedly reduced in individuals with above genotypes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16767666
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"