JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anti-Abeta single-chain antibody delivery via adeno-associated virus for treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Ken-ichiro Fukuchi, Kazuki Tahara, Hong-Duck Kim, J Adam Maxwell, Terry L Lewis, Mary Ann Accavitti-Loper, Helen Kim, Selvarangan Ponnazhagan, Robert Lalonde
Neurobiology of Disease 2006, 23 (3): 502-11
16766200
Immunization of mouse models of Alzheimer disease (AD) with amyloid-peptide (Abeta) reduces Abeta deposits and attenuates their memory and learning deficits. Recent clinical trials were halted due to meningoencephalitis, presumably induced by T cell mediated and/or Fc-mediated immune responses. Because injection of anti-Abeta F(ab')(2) antibodies also induces clearance of amyloid plaques in AD mouse models, we have tested a novel gene therapy modality where an adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding anti-Abeta single-chain antibody (scFv) is injected into the corticohippocampal regions of AD mouse models. One year after injection, expression of scFv was readily detectable in the neurons of the hippocampus without discernible neurotoxicity. AD mouse models subjected to AAV injection had much less amyloid deposits at the injection sites than the mouse models subjected to PBS injection. Because the scFv lacks the Fc portion of the immunoglobulin molecule, this modality may be a feasible solution for AD without eliciting inflammation.

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