JOURNAL ARTICLE

Assessment of the catabolic effects of interleukin-1beta on proteoglycan metabolism in equine cartilage cocultured with synoviocytes

Abigail J Gregg, Lisa A Fortier, Hussni O Mohammed, Karen G Mayr, Brian J Miller, Jennifer L Haupt
American Journal of Veterinary Research 2006, 67 (6): 957-62
16740087

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of interleukin (IL)-1beta on proteoglycan metabolism in equine cartilage explants when cultured in the presence of synoviocytes.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Samples of cartilage and synovium collected from the femoropatellar joints of three 2- to 3-year-old horses.

PROCEDURES: 3 experimental groups were established: cartilage explants only, synoviocytes only, and cartilage explants-synoviocytes in coculture. In each group, samples were cultured with or without IL-1beta (10 ng/mL) for 96 hours. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content of cartilage and medium samples was measured by use of a spectrophotometric assay; RNA was isolated from synoviocytes and cartilage and analyzed for expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-3 and -13 (cartilage and synoviocytes), aggrecan (cartilage), collagen type IIB (cartilage), and 18S as a control (cartilage and synoviocytes) by use of quantitative PCR assays. Cartilage matrix metachromasia was assessed histochemically.

RESULTS: IL-1beta-induced GAG loss from cartilage was significantly less in cocultures than in cartilage-only cultures. Cartilage aggrecan gene expression was also significantly less downregulated and synoviocyte MMP-3 expression was less upregulated by IL-1beta in cocultures, compared with cartilage- and synoviocyte only cultures. Histochemical findings supported the molecular and biochemical results and revealed maintenance of matrix metachromasia in cocultured cartilage treated with IL-1beta.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results suggest that synoviocytes secrete 1 or more mediators that preferentially protect matrix GAG metabolism from the degradative effects of IL-1beta. Further studies involving proteomic and microarray approaches in similar coculture systems may elucidate novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

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