Scalable producing embryoid bodies by rotary cell culture system and constructing engineered cardiac tissue with ES-derived cardiomyocytes in vitro

Xiuli Wang, Guofeng Wei, Weiting Yu, Yunshan Zhao, Xingju Yu, Xiaojun Ma
Biotechnology Progress 2006, 22 (3): 811-8
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are of significant interest either as an in vitro model recapitulating early embryonic development or as a renewable source of therapeutically useful cells. ES cells aggregation is important for embryoid bodies (EBs) formation and the subsequent generation of ES cell derivatives. This study was conducted to describe scalable production of EBs by the rotary cell culture system (RCCS, STLV type) and estimate the feasibility of constructing engineered cardiac tissue (ECT). In comparison with suspension culture in a Petri dish, the efficiency of the dynamic process was analyzed with respect to the yield of EB formation and their cardiomyocyte differentiation. Cardiomyocyte differentiation was evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis. After the elementary enrichment by gradient percoll, ES cell-derived cardiomyocytes were applied to construct ECT. Cell gross morphology, spatial distribution, and ultrastructure were evaluated by using histological analysis, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Results showed that EB efficiencies in STLV were nearly 1.5-2.0 times higher than that of liquid suspension cultures, and cardiomyocyte differentiation of EBs progressed in a normal course after the dynamic cultivation in STLV. Additionally, the differentiated cultures could be enriched elementarily by gradient percoll. Once cast into the collagen strand, cells grew well and became more matured in Petri dishes. Synchronous contraction of the cell cluster was observed on the surface of the ECT, and cell connection was also established. It was the first report to have beating ES-derived cardiomyocytes on a 3-D collagen scaffold, which might provide a promising model for physiological and pharmacological studies and tissue replacement therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"