JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Functional rhinoplasty: treatment of the dysfunctional nasal sidewall.

Treatment of nasal obstruction caused by nasal valve dysfunction requires a thorough evaluation of the mechanics of normal nasal anatomy and function. Surgical correction of nasal valve dysfunction is based on determining the epicenter of dysfunction, whether it is a static obstruction of the internal nasal valve or a dynamic collapse of either the external nasal valve or the intervalve area. Spreader grafts, flaring sutures, and butterfly grafts are used to widen and support the narrow internal nasal valve. Alar batten grafts will add support to the collapsing nasal sidewall seen in external nasal valve and intervalve dysfunction. Correction of dynamic collapse from paradoxical concavity of the lateral crura may be obtained from the lateral crural flip-flop graft or by reconstructing the lateral crura using cartilage grafts. A strut graft may correct dynamic obstruction caused by a malformed, easily collapsible lateral crura. This article discusses the evaluation, treatment, and correction of the dysfunctional nasal sidewall and emphasizes the avoidance of iatrogenic damage to the sidewall while performing cosmetic rhinoplasty.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app