JOURNAL ARTICLE

Green tea extract and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate inhibit hypoxia- and serum-induced HIF-1alpha protein accumulation and VEGF expression in human cervical carcinoma and hepatoma cells

Qunzhou Zhang, Xudong Tang, Qingyi Lu, Zuofeng Zhang, Jianyu Rao, Anh D Le
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2006, 5 (5): 1227-38
16731755
Green tea extract and its major component (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) exhibit antiangiogenic activities in various experimental tumor models. A growing body of evidence has established that hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and its downstream target, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), play a critical role in tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the effect of green tea extract and EGCG on HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression in human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) and hepatoma (HepG2) cells. Our results showed that green tea extract and EGCG significantly inhibited hypoxia- and serum-induced HIF-1alpha protein accumulation in these cancer cells but had no effects on HIF-1alpha mRNA expression. Suppression of HIF-1alpha protein by green tea extract and EGCG also resulted in a drastic decrease in VEGF expression at both mRNA and protein levels. The mechanisms of green tea extract and EGCG inhibition of hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha protein accumulation seem to involve the blocking of both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 signaling pathways and the enhancing of HIF-1alpha protein degradation through the proteasome system. In addition, green tea extract and EGCG inhibited serum-induced HIF-1alpha protein and VEGF expression by interfering with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathways, which play a crucial role in the protein translational machinery cascade. Functionally, green tea extract and EGCG abolished both chemoattractant- and hypoxia-stimulated HeLa cell migration. Our data suggested that HIF-1alpha/VEGF function as therapeutic target for green tea extract and EGCG in the context of cancer chemoprevention and anticancer therapy.

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