Characterization of right ventricular function after monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in the intact rat

Marleen H M Hessel, Paul Steendijk, Brigit den Adel, Cindy I Schutte, Arnoud van der Laarse
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2006, 291 (5): H2424-30
We characterized hemodynamics and systolic and diastolic right ventricular (RV) function in relation to structural changes in the rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension. Rats were treated with MCT at 30 mg/kg body wt (MCT30, n = 15) and 80 mg/kg body wt (MCT80, n = 16) to induce compensated RV hypertrophy and RV failure, respectively. Saline-treated rats served as control (Cont, n = 13). After 4 wk, a pressure-conductance catheter was introduced into the RV to assess pressure-volume relations. Subsequently, rats were killed, hearts and lungs were rapidly dissected, and RV, left ventricle (LV), and interventricular septum (IVS) were weighed and analyzed histochemically. RV-to-(LV + IVS) weight ratio was 0.29 +/- 0.05 in Cont, 0.35 +/- 0.05 in MCT30, and 0.49 +/- 0.10 in MCT80 (P < 0.001 vs. Cont and MCT30) rats, confirming MCT-induced RV hypertrophy. RV ejection fraction was 49 +/- 6% in Cont, 40 +/- 12% in MCT30 (P < 0.05 vs. Cont), and 26 +/- 6% in MCT80 (P < 0.05 vs. Cont and MCT30) rats. In MCT30 rats, cardiac output was maintained, but RV volumes and filling pressures were significantly increased compared with Cont (all P < 0.05), indicating RV remodeling. In MCT80 rats, RV systolic pressure, volumes, and peak wall stress were further increased, and cardiac output was significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). However, RV end-systolic and end-diastolic stiffness were unchanged, consistent with the absence of interstitial fibrosis. MCT-induced pressure overload was associated with a dose-dependent development of RV hypertrophy. The most pronounced response to MCT was an overload-dependent increase of RV end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes, even under nonfailing conditions.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"