JOURNAL ARTICLE

Predictors of occult neoplasia in women undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy

Julie D Lamb, Rochelle L Garcia, Barbara A Goff, Pamela J Paley, Elizabeth M Swisher
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2006, 194 (6): 1702-9
16731090

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define the rate of neoplasia in prophylactic surgical specimens with the use of a careful surgical and pathologic protocol in a prospective study of high-risk women who were undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. Outcomes of interest were neoplasia that was identified in surgical specimens and clinical outcomes of women who were undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. We hypothesized that older age and having a BRCA1 mutation would be predictors for tubal or ovarian neoplasia and that a careful surgical and pathologic protocol would lead to a low rate of subsequent primary peritoneal cancer.

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective tissue and research database enrolled patients who underwent risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy for prevention of ovarian cancer. Clinical and pathologic data were extracted for those patients after the initiation of a defined surgical and pathologic protocol in 1999.

RESULTS: One hundred thirteen women met the high-risk criteria; 40 of the women (45%) who were tested had a deleterious mutation in BRCA1, and 22 women (25%) had a mutation in BRCA2. Seven women had ovarian or tubal neoplasia (6.2%). One woman had occult endometrial cancer. Age > or =45 years and having a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation were significant predictors of occult neoplasia. Two patients with neoplasia that was identified at risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy experienced recurrence. Three patients with BRCA1 mutations have subsequent new diagnoses of breast cancer. No patients had primary peritoneal cancer after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.

CONCLUSION: Age > or =45 years and mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 predict occult neoplasia in women who undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy. A thorough pathologic and surgical protocol at the time of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy may improve the risk of subsequent primary peritoneal cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16731090
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"