JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Oral miltefosine for the treatment of Indian visceral leishmaniasis.

Large-scale antimony resistance in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in north Bihar, India, has led to the development of miltefosine as an alternative therapy. In a pilot study and later in three Phase II studies involving 249 patients, oral miltefosine, 100-150 mg/day for 28 days, was shown to cure approximately 90% patients with reasonable safety. In the pivotal Phase III trial, 299 patients were treated at three centres with amphotericin B as the comparator drug (99 patients). In this trial 38% and 20% patients had mild to moderate vomiting and diarrhoea respectively, similar to previous studies. Asymptomatic transient elevation of hepatic transaminases and mild renal dysfunction were observed in 15% and 10% patients respectively. The final cure rate was 94% with miltefosine and 97% with amphotericin B; based on these results, the drug was approved in India. Subsequently in two paediatric studies involving 119 patients in the age group of 2-11 years, the safety and efficacy of miltefosine (2.5 mg/kg daily for 28 days) was established with a cure rate (94%) similar to that seen in adults. Miltefosine is the first oral antileishmanial drug with a high degree of safety and efficacy for the treatment of VL.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app