ERK1/2 regulates ANG II-dependent cell proliferation via cytoplasmic activation of RSK2 and nuclear activation of elk1

Michael D Godeny, Peter P Sayeski
American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 2006, 291 (6): C1308-17
In a concurrently submitted article, we show that ANG II-induced ERK1/2 activation is mediated by both c-Src/Yes/Fyn and heterotrimeric G protein/PKCzeta-dependent signaling. Furthermore, we show that heterotrimeric G protein/PKCzeta-activated ERK1/2 is destined for the nucleus while ERK1/2 activated by c-Src/Yes/Fyn-dependent signaling remains in the cytoplasm. Interestingly, both mechanisms of activation are required for maximum ANG II-induced cell proliferation. In this study, we sought to determine the mechanisms by which ERK1/2 facilitate cell proliferation via these distinct nuclear and cytoplasmic events, using cells that were lacking either c-Src/Yes/Fyn or heterotrimeric G protein/PKCzeta-dependent ERK1/2 activation. A loss of c-Src/Yes/Fyn blocked ANG II-dependent RSK2 activation, RSK2 nuclear translocation, serum-response factor (SRF) phosphorylation, a portion of c-fos transcriptional activity and c-Fos phosphorylation. Blocking ANG II-induced heterotrimeric G protein/PKCzeta activity resulted in a loss of ERK1/2 nuclear translocation, elk1 phosphorylation, and the remaining portion of c-fos transcriptional activity not dependent on c-Src/Yes/Fyn. Inhibition of RSK with the potent and selective inhibitor, SL0101, attenuated ANG II-induced cell proliferation, and, in combination with a PKCzeta pseudosubstrate, completely attenuated cell proliferation. Thus we conclude that ERK1/2 mediate ANG II-dependent cell proliferation via distinct cytoplasmic and nuclear signaling events, which are in turn governed by c-Src/Yes/Fyn and heterotrimeric G protein/PKCzeta-dependent signaling, respectively.

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