Quantifying axonal loss after optic neuritis with optical coherence tomography

Fiona Costello, Stuart Coupland, William Hodge, Gianni R Lorello, Jeannie Koroluk, Y Irene Pan, Mark S Freedman, David H Zackon, Randy H Kardon
Annals of Neurology 2006, 59 (6): 963-9

OBJECTIVE: To determine to what degree changes in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness after optic neuritis (ON) correlate with either visual recovery or impairment.

METHODS: ON can cause visible defects within the RNFL, which can be quantified using optical coherence tomography (OCT). It may be possible to predict visual recovery by measuring RNFL loss after ON. Fifty-four patients underwent repeated evaluations with optical coherence tomography and standardized ophthalmic testing after ON. Regression analyses were used to determine the relationship between RNFL thickness and visual function.

RESULTS: Thinning of the RNFL was seen in the majority of patients (74%), and it tended to occur within 3 to 6 months of ON. The average RNFL value was thinner (p<0.0001) in the affected (78 microm) compared with the unaffected eye (100 microm). Patients with incomplete visual recovery demonstrated greater RNFL loss after ON. Regression analyses demonstrated a threshold of RNFL thickness (75 microm), below which RNFL measurements predicted persistent visual dysfunction.

INTERPRETATION: Determination of RNFL thickness may predict visual recovery after ON, and lower RNFL values correlate with impaired visual function. Optical coherence tomography may have a potential role as a surrogate marker for axonal integrity within the optic nerve among patients with ON.

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