JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG decreases lipopolysaccharide-induced systemic inflammation in a gastrostomy-fed infant rat model

Liyan Zhang, Nan Li, Clotilde des Robert, Maozhong Fang, Kellym Liboni, Robert McMahon, Ricardo A Caicedo, Josef Neu
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2006, 42 (5): 545-52
16707979

OBJECTIVES: A gastrostomy-fed rat infant "pup-in-a-cup" model was used to test the hypothesis that enterally administered Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) decreases the proinflammatory response induced by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the developing infant rat small intestine, plasma, lung and liver.

METHODS: Two groups of 6- to 7-day-old pups were fed a rat milk substitute with LPS added via the gastrostomy tube for 6 days. One of the rat milk substitute-fed groups received supplemental LGG; another group received LPS without LGG. Age-matched mother-fed rat pups were used as controls.

RESULTS: LPS treatment blunted body growth, but LGG supplementation had no effect on weight increments. LGG decreased LPS-induced inflammation in intestinal tissue; CINC-1 (rodent IL-8 equivalent) production in plasma, liver, lung and distal small intestine; and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production in plasma and lung. Cytokine multiplex assay showed lung interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, IL-18, growth-related oncogene (GRO)/KC (rat CINC-1) and TNF-alpha were significantly higher in gastrostomy-fed, LPS-treated pups than in mother-reared pups, and LGG significantly blunted the LPS-induced elevation of IL-1beta, IL-10, IL-18, GRO/KC and TNF-alpha; liver GRO/KC was significantly higher in gastrostomy-fed, LPS-treated pups than in mother-reared pups, and LGG significantly blunted the LPS-induced elevation of GRO/KC.

CONCLUSIONS: LGG provided by the enteral route is able to downregulate LPS-induced proinflammatory mediators. This effect is not only present in the splanchnic organs, that is, the intestine and the liver, but extends to the plasma and a distal organ, the lung.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16707979
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"