The impact of tumor progesterone receptor status on optimal adjuvant endocrine therapy for postmenopausal patients with early-stage breast cancer: a decision analysis

Rinaa S Punglia, Karen M Kuntz, Eric P Winer, Jane C Weeks, Harold J Burstein
Cancer 2006 June 15, 106 (12): 2576-82

BACKGROUND: Emerging data suggest that treatment outcomes with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) and/or tamoxifen may differ for tumors that express both the estrogen receptor (ER) and the progesterone receptor (PR) (ER+/PR+) compared with those that lack PR expression (ER+/PR-). However, the optimal sequencing of AIs and tamoxifen as adjuvant therapy is not known and may differ for biologic subsets of cancers.

METHODS: Markov models were used to simulate disease-free survival (DFS) separately among postmenopausal women with ER+/PR+ cancers and women with ER+/PR- cancers. By using risk estimates reported from randomized clinical trials, treatment with 5 years of an AI alone with sequential treatment consisting of tamoxifen with crossover to an AI at 2 years was compared.

RESULTS: For women with ER+/PR+ cancers, sequential therapy with tamoxifen followed by crossover to an AI at 2 years yielded modest improvements in 10-year DFS estimates compared with planned AI monotherapy (84.3% vs. 82.2% and 68.8% vs. 64.8% for lymph node-negative and lymph node-positive patients, respectively). However, for women with ER+/PR- cancers, upfront treatment with an AI yielded improved outcomes with 10-year DFS rates of 90.5% and 80.1% for the lymph node-negative and node-positive groups, respectively, compared with 88.2% and 76.1%, respectively, for sequential treatment with tamoxifen followed by an AI.

CONCLUSIONS: Modeling estimates suggested that the optimal endocrine treatment strategy may differ based on the biologic features of breast cancer tumors. Patients with ER+/PR+ tumors achieved optimal 10-year DFS estimates with tamoxifen followed by a crossover to AI therapy, whereas patients with ER+/PR- tumors fared best when they initiated treatment with AI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"