JOURNAL ARTICLE

Stability of CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) and tau levels by APOE genotype in Alzheimer patients

Edward D Huey, Nadeem Mirza, Karen T Putnam, Holly Soares, Gyorgy Csako, James A Levy, Brittany Copenhaver, Robert M Cohen, Trey Sunderland
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 2006, 22 (1): 48-53
16682793

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measures of beta-amyloid(1-42 )and tau differ between patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and elderly normal controls. The effect of time and APOE genotype on these biomarkers continues to be elucidated.

METHODS: We assessed CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) and tau in 20 mild-to-moderate AD patients, 11 APOE epsilon4+ and 9 APOE epsilon4-, over a mean time of 3.8 years (range 1-11.1 years).

RESULTS: Over the period measured, CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) levels were lower in APOE epsilon4+ compared to APOE epsilon4- patients, and the levels decreased over time. Tau levels were stable over time and did not show an effect of APOE allele.

CONCLUSIONS: While this is a limited clinical sample, the further decrease in CSF beta-amyloid(1-42 )(i.e., more abnormal) combined with the CSF tau stability over a mean period of almost 4 years suggests that beta-amyloid(1-42 )and tau maintain their potential usefulness as diagnostic biomarkers over time. These findings should be taken into account if CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) and tau are used as measures of treatment response.

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