Diastereopure Fe(II) and Zn(II) complexes derived from a tridentate N,N',N-bis(methyl-L-prolinate)-substituted pyridine ligand

Silvia Gosiewska, Jeroen J L M Cornelissen, Martin Lutz, Anthony L Spek, Gerard van Koten, Robertus J M Klein Gebbink
Inorganic Chemistry 2006 May 15, 45 (10): 4214-27
A series of mononuclear iron(II) and zinc(II) complexes of the new chiral Py(ProMe)2 ligand (Py(ProMe)2 = 2,6-bis[[(S)-2-(methyloxycarbonyl)-1-pyrrolidinyl]methyl]pyridine) have been prepared. The molecular geometry in the solid state (X-ray crystal structures) of the complexes [FeCl2(Py(ProMe)2)] (1), [ZnCl2(Py(ProMe)2)] (2), [Fe(OTf)2(Py(ProMe)2)] (3), [Fe(Py(ProMe)2)(OH2)2](OTf)2 (4), and [Zn(OTf)(Py(ProMe)2)](OTf) (5) are reported. They all show a meridional NN'N coordination of the Py(ProMe)2 ligand. The bis-chloride derivatives 1 and 2 represent neutral isostructural five-coordinated complexes with a distorted geometry around the metal center. Unusual seven-coordinate iron(II) complexes 3 and 4 having a pentagonal bipyramidal geometry were obtained using weakly coordinating triflate anions. The reaction of Zn(OTf)2 with the Py(ProMe)2 ligand afforded complex 5 with a distorted octahedral geometry around the zinc center. All complexes were formed as single diastereoisomers. In the case of complexes 3-5, the oxygen atoms of both carbonyl groups of the ligand are also coordinated to the metal. The stereochemistry of the coordinated tertiary amine donors in complexes 3-5 is of opposite configuration as in complexes 1 and 2 as a result of the planar penta-coordination of the ligand Py(ProMe)2. Complexes 1, 2, and 5 have an overall -configuration at their metal center, while the Fe(II) ion in complexes 3 and 4 has the opposite delta-configuration (crystal structures and CD measurements). The magnetic moments of iron complexes 1, 3, and 4 correspond to that of high-spin d6 Fe(II) complexes. The solution structures of complexes 1-5 were characterized by means of UV-vis, IR, conductivity, and CD measurements and their electrochemical behavior. These studies showed that the coordination environment of 1 and 2 observed in the solid state is maintained in solution. In coordinating solvents, the triflate anion (3, 5) or water (4) co-ligands of complexes 3-5 are replaced by solvent molecules with retention of the original pentagonal bipyramidal and octahedral geometry, respectively.

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