Influence of platelet-rich plasma on a bioglass and autogenous bone in sinus augmentation. An explorative study

Boworn Klongnoi, Stephan Rupprecht, Peter Kessler, Michael Thorwarth, Joerg Wiltfang, Karl Andreas Schlegel
Clinical Oral Implants Research 2006, 17 (3): 312-20
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been introduced to the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery for a decade, but its beneficial effects on maxillary sinus augmentation remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of PRP on osseointegration following single-stage sinus augmentation in a randomized prospective animal study. The maxillary premolars of 24 minipigs were extracted bilaterally and allowed to heal for 2 months. Consecutively all animals underwent bilateral sinus floor elevation using autogenous bone, Biogran as well as a combination of the materials with PRP. Three dental implants (Ankylos, Dentsply Co., Mannheim, Germany) were installed in each sinus simultaneously. Four animals were sacrificed at each period of observation (1, 2, 8 and 12 months). Microradiographic images of the specimens were made for quantitative evaluation of the bone-implant contact (BIC) and light microscopic images were made for qualitative analysis. An increment of the BIC during the observation time could be seen over the observation time in all groups. Autogenous bone exhibited a level of BIC from 25.1 +/- 9.96% at 1 month to 55.1 +/- 13.10% at 12 months; on adding PRP, the BIC ranged from 28.4 +/- 4.64% to 52.5 +/- 17.06%. Biogran with and without PRP led to BIC levels from 16.3 +/- 4.64% to 37.6 +/- 16.40% and 21.7 +/- 4.33% to 46.6 +/- 19.37%, respectively. The results of this study did not show a significantly positive effect of PRP on the BIC following sinus augmentation in both groups.

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