JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Parasite risk factors for stunting in grade 5 students in a community of extreme poverty in Peru

Martin Casapía, Serene A Joseph, Carmen Núñez, Elham Rahme, Theresa W Gyorkos
International Journal for Parasitology 2006, 36 (7): 741-7
16650426
Malnutrition in school-age children is common in developing countries and includes both stunting and underweight. Stunting, which represents a chronic state of nutritional stress, leads to adverse health, educational and cognitive effects. Although much research is focused on preschool-age children, recent studies show both the high prevalence of stunting and the effectiveness of interventions in school-age children. The objectives of the current study were to determine the risk factors for stunting only, and stunting and underweight. A survey was conducted in 1074 grade 5 children (mean age 10 years) from 17 schools in Belen, Peru, a community of extreme poverty. Prevalence of underweight and stunting were 10.5 and 34.5%, respectively, co-prevalence was 9.3%. Based on multivariable logistic regression analyses, significant independent risk factors (odds ratio: OR) for stunting and underweight were: age (per 1 year increment) (OR=1.55; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.33, 1.81); diarrhoea in the last week (OR=1.96; 95% CI: 1.17, 3.29) and hookworm infection (OR=1.74; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.86). Significant independent risk factors for stunting only were: age (per 1 year increment) (OR=1.51; 95% CI: 1.35, 1.70); anaemia (OR=1.98; 95% CI: 1.26, 3.11); and moderate and heavy Trichuris and Ascaris co-infection (OR=1.95; 95% CI: 1.35, 2.82). Our results indicate a high prevalence of stunting, in addition to other adverse health indicators, in the study population. Due to the interrelation between many of these health and nutrition problems, interventions at both the school and community levels, including de-worming, feeding programs and health and hygiene education, are needed to reduce malnutrition in this and other similar populations living in conditions of extreme poverty.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16650426
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.