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Effect of the increase in valve area after aortic valve replacement with a 19-mm aortic valve prosthesis on left ventricular mass regression in patients with pure aortic stenosis

Zen Mhagna, Giordano Tasca, Federico Brunelli, Marco Cirillo, Andrea Amaducci, Margherita DallaTomba, Giovanni Troise
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 2006, 7 (5): 351-5
16645414

OBJECTIVES: Although patients with aortic stenosis, who receive 19-mm valves, are at high risk for prosthesis-patient mismatch, most of them show a significant left ventricular mass (LVM) regression postoperatively. The aim of this study was to identify factors predicting postoperative relative LVM regression in this subgroup of patients.

METHODS: A population of 44 patients operated on for pure aortic stenosis and receiving a 19-mm valve was studied by echocardiography at 1.4 +/- 0.5 years postoperatively.

RESULTS: The mean relative LVM regression was -19.3 +/- 18.9%, the mean gradient drop was -31.6 +/- 13.3 mmHg, and the mean Delta increase in aortic area index (postoperative aortic area index minus preoperative aortic area index) was 0.30 +/- 0.14 cm/m. Thirty-two patients had an indexed effective orifice area of less than 0.8 cm/m. At multivariate analysis (r = 0.63; r = 40%; P < 0.0001) preoperative LVM (P = 0.006), hypertension (P = 0.018) and Delta aortic area index (P = 0.049) were independent predictors of relative LVM regression.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that, at least 1 year postoperatively, in patients receiving a 19-mm valve, LVM regression is influenced by several parameters, in particular preoperative LVM, hypertension and the magnitude of the increase in aortic area.

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