MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Multiple cerebral microbleeds in hyperacute ischemic stroke: impact on prevalence and severity of early hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolytic treatment

Ho Sung Kim, Deok Hee Lee, Chang Woo Ryu, Jeong Hyun Lee, Choong Gon Choi, Sang Joon Kim, Dae Chul Suh
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 2006, 186 (5): 1443-9
16632743

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess whether cerebral microbleeds are related to early hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolytic therapy for hyperacute ischemic stroke.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cases of 279 patients with suspected ischemic stroke who underwent MRI including T2*-weighted images were retrospectively evaluated. The inclusion criteria were as follows: imaging performed within 6 hr after symptom onset, presence of territorial infarct of anterior circulation, no history of intracerebral hemorrhage, thrombolytic treatment, and available follow-up MR images. Microbleeds were classified according to number as follows: absent (grade 1, 0 bleeds), mild (grade 2, 1-2 bleeds), moderate (grade 3, 3-10 bleeds), and severe (grade 4, > 10 bleeds). The prevalence and severity of early hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolysis were assessed on follow-up images.

RESULTS: Among 279 patients, 65 patients (37 men, 28 women; mean age, 67 years) met the inclusion criteria. Microbleeds were found in 25 patients. Early hemorrhagic transformation occurred in nine of 40 patients without microbleeds (grade 1) and in eight of 25 patients with microbleeds: two of 12 patients with grade 2, three of eight patients with grade 3, and three of five patients with grade 4 microbleeds. The presence of symptomatic hemorrhage did not correlate with the number of microbleeds. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of microbleeds was not associated with hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolytic treatment.

CONCLUSION: Small and large numbers of microbleeds are not independent risk factors for early hemorrhagic transformation and symptomatic hemorrhage after thrombolytic therapy for hyperacute ischemic stroke. Additional studies with large groups of subjects are needed to confirm our conclusion.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16632743
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"