JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 predicts future cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease independently of traditional risk factors, markers of inflammation, renal function, and hemodynamic stress

Wolfgang Koenig, Dorothee Twardella, Hermann Brenner, Dietrich Rothenbacher
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 2006, 26 (7): 1586-93
16627803

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), an emerging marker of cardiovascular risk, is associated with prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma concentrations and activity of Lp-PLA2 were determined in 1051 patients aged 30 to 70 years with CHD who were followed for &4 years. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the prognostic value of Lp-PLA2 after adjustment for various covariates, including markers of inflammation, renal function, and hemodynamic stress. In multivariable analyses, Lp-PLA2 mass and activity were strongly associated with cardiovascular events after controlling for traditional risk factors, severity of CHD, statin treatment, cystatin C, and N-terminal proBNP. The hazard ratio (HR) for recurrent events was 2.65 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.47 to 4.76) for the top tertile of Lp-PLA2 mass compared with the bottom tertile and 2.40 (95% CI, 1.35 to 4.29) for Lp-PLA2 activity. After additional adjustment for low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the HRs were only moderately attenuated (mass: 2.09; 95% CI, 1.10 to 3.96; activity: 1.81; 95% CI, 0.94 to 3.49, respectively), but the latter was no longer statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased concentrations of Lp-PLA2 predict future cardiovascular events in patients with manifest CHD independent of a variety of potential risk factors including markers of inflammation, renal function, and hemodynamic stress.

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