Polymerase chain reaction of 2-kb cyanobacterial gene and human anti-alpha1-chymotrypsin gene from genomic DNA on the In-Check single-use microfabricated silicon chip

Clarissa Consolandi, Marco Severgnini, Andrea Frosini, Giancarlo Caramenti, Marco De Fazio, Francesco Ferrara, Anna Zocco, Alessandra Fischetti, Michele Palmieri, Gianluca De Bellis
Analytical Biochemistry 2006 June 15, 353 (2): 191-7
The microfabricated chip is a promising format for automating and miniaturizing the multiple steps of genotyping. We tested an innovative silicon biochip (In-Check Lab-on-Chip; STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Italy) designed for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of complex biological samples. The chip is mounted on a 1x3-in(2). plastic slide that provides the necessary mechanical, thermal, electrical, and fluidic connections. A temperature control system drives the chip to the desired temperatures, and a graphical user interface allows experimenters to define cycling conditions and monitor reactions in real time. During thermal cycling, we recorded a cooling rate of 3.2 degrees C/s and a heating rate of 11 degrees C/s. The temperature maintained at each thermal plateau was within 0.13 degrees C of the programmed temperature at three sensors. From 0.5 ng/microl genomic DNA, the In-Check device successfully amplified the 2060-bp cyanobacterial 16S rRNA gene and the 330-bp human anti-alpha(1)-chymotrypsin gene. The shortest PCR protocol that produced an amplicon by capillary electrophoresis comprised 30 cycles and was 22.5 min long. These thermal cycling characteristics suggest that the In-Check device will permit future development of a genotyping lab-on-a-chip device, yielding results in a short time from a limited amount of biological starting material.

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