Stented bioprosthetic valve hemodynamics: is the supra-annular implant better than the intra-annular?

Luigi P Badano, Daisy Pavoni, Sergio Musumeci, Romeo Frassani, Pasquale Gianfagna, Mara Baldassi, Vincenzo Tursi, Enzo Mazzaro, Edlira Zakja, Paolo M Fioretti, Ugolino Livi
Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2006, 15 (2): 238-46

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The use of stented bioprostheses for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in elderly patients with a small aortic annulus may result in unsatisfactory hemodynamic performance of the prosthesis. To overcome this limitation, new bioprostheses have been designed for complete supra-annular implantation, but the actual hemodynamic advantage of the supra-annular implant over the intra-annular has not been fully investigated. Accordingly, the hemodynamic performance of the same stented bioprosthesis (except for sewing ring design) implanted in the supra-annular and conventional intra-annular seating was compared.

METHODS: Twenty-two patients received an intra-annular implant, and 38 a supra-annular implant. Age (74 +/- 5 versus 76 +/- 5 years, p = 0.54), gender (55% versus 50% males, p = 0.79) and body surface area (1.74 +/- 0.2 versus 1.81 +/- 0.2 m2, p = 0.13) were similar in both subgroups, who underwent echocardiography at 8 +/- 2 and 6 +/- 2 months after surgery, respectively (p = 0.09).

RESULTS: The two patient subgroups had similar preoperative left ventricular outflow tract diameters (2.06 +/- 0.2 and 2.1 +/- 0.2 cm; p = 0.62), average size of implanted prosthesis (21.0 and 21.3 mm; p = 0.44) and mean transprosthetic flow rate (246 +/- 70 and 218 +/- 58 ml/s; p = 0.12). Mean (8 +/- 3 and 19 +/- 8 mmHg, p < 0.0001), and peak (17 +/- 6 and 40 +/- 13 mmHg; p < 0.0001) transprosthetic gradients were lower, and mean effective orifice area (EOA) (1.78 +/- 0.4 and 1.45 +/- 0.5 cm2, p = 0.006) was higher in patients with supra-annular implants than in those with intraannular. The incidence of patient-prosthesis mismatch (EOA index < 0.85 cm2/m2) decreased from 50% to 34% (p < 0.0001), with no case of severe mismatch using the supra-annular implant. During follow up, a left ventricular mass reduction occurred in patients with supra-annular implants (from 225 +/- 110 to 173 +/- 59 g/m2; p < 0.03), but not in patients with intra-annular implants (173 +/- 62 and 186 +/- 64 g/m2; p = 0.87)

CONCLUSION: The study results showed that, compared to intra-annular implantation, supra-annular implantation of bioprosthetic stented valves in the aortic position was associated with a significantly better hemodynamic performance of the prosthesis and significant regression of left ventricular hypertrophy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"