Alternate or additional findings to stone disease on unenhanced computerized tomography for acute flank pain can impact management

Hanno Hoppe, Roger Studer, Thomas M Kessler, Peter Vock, Urs E Studer, Harriet C Thoeny
Journal of Urology 2006, 175 (5): 1725-30; discussion 1730

PURPOSE: We evaluated the incidence and clinical relevance of alternate or additional findings on unenhanced CT in patients with acute flank pain and suspected urinary calculi.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 1,500 patients underwent unenhanced CT due to acute flank pain. The absence or presence of urinary tract calculi and their localization were recorded. Alternate or additional CT findings were classified according to whether they required immediate or deferred treatment, or were of little or no clinical importance.

RESULTS: Of the 1,500 patients 1,035 (69%) had urinary tract calculi, including 309 (30%) with nephrolithiasis, 377 (36%) with ureterolithiasis and 349 (34%) with the 2 conditions. Urolithiasis alone was found in 331 of these patients (32%) and additional pathological conditions were noted in 704 (68%). Of all patients 1,064 (71%) had other or additional CT findings. Of all patients 207 (14%) had nonstone related CT findings requiring immediate or deferred treatment, 464 (31%) had pathological conditions of little clinical importance and 393 (26%) had pathological conditions of no clinical relevance. CT was normal in 105 of all patients (7%).

CONCLUSIONS: Unenhanced CT in patients with acute flank pain allows the accurate diagnosis of urinary stone disease and it can also provide further important information leading to emergency or deferred treatment in a substantial number of patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"