Gene expression profiles with cDNA microarray reveal RhoGDI as a predictive marker for paclitaxel resistance in ovarian cancers

Tomoko Goto, Masashi Takano, Masaru Sakamoto, Ayako Kondo, Junko Hirata, Tsunekazu Kita, Hitoshi Tsuda, Yoshio Tenjin, Yoshihiro Kikuchi
Oncology Reports 2006, 15 (5): 1265-71
In the current study, we identified paclitaxel-resistant related genes by comparing gene expression profiles of paclitaxel-resistant and parent ovarian cancer cell lines. Gene expression profiles of the human ovarian cancer cell line (KF28), cisplatin-resistant cell line (KFr13) induced from KF28, and paclitaxel-resistant cell lines (KF28TX and KFr13TX) induced by exposing KF28 and KFr13 to dose-escalating paclitaxel were compared and analyzed using cDNA microarray. Of 557 human cancer-related cDNA transcripts compared, 5 genes were found to be underexpressed and 5 genes overexpressed in the paclitaxel-resistant KF28TX, while another paclitaxel-resistant KFr13TX had 5 underexpressed and 8 overexpressed genes. Among these genes, overexpression of the ATP-binding cassette subfamily (MDR-1), Rho guanine dinucleotide phosphate dissociation inhibitor beta (RhoGDI) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) was observed in both paclitaxel-resistant cell lines. Using real-time quantitative PCR, we confirmed the array results. We therefore conclude that IGFBP-3, RhoGDI and MDR-1 were correlated with paclitaxel resistance. Moreover, immunohistochemical staining was analyzed in 22 serous ovarian cancer tissues from patients who received paclitaxel-based chemotherapy, and RhoGDI overexpression was observed more frequently in non-responsers than in responders (p=0.004). RhoGDI expression proved to be a predictive marker of paclitaxel resistance not only in paclitaxel-resistant cell lines, but also in clinical samples.

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