The in vitro effect of different PRP concentrations on osteoblasts and fibroblasts

Filippo Graziani, Saso Ivanovski, Silvia Cei, Francesco Ducci, Maurizio Tonetti, Mario Gabriele
Clinical Oral Implants Research 2006, 17 (2): 212-9

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the biological rationale for the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) by evaluating the effect of different concentrations of PRP on osteoblasts (OB) and fibroblasts (FB) function in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: PRP was obtained from volunteer donors using standard protocols. Primary human cultures of oral FBs and OBs were exposed to both activated and non-activated plasma as well as various concentrations of PRP (2.5 x, 3.5 x and max (4.2-5.5 x)). Cell proliferation was evaluated after 24 and 72 h using an MTT proliferation assay. Production of osteocalcin (OCN), osteoprotegerin (OPG) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) was evaluated in OB after 24 and 72 h. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA.

RESULTS: PRP-stimulated cell proliferation in both OBs and FBs. The effect of different PRP concentrations on cell proliferation was most notable at 72 h. The maximum effect was achieved with a concentration of 2.5 x, with higher concentrations resulting in a reduction of cell proliferation. Upregulation of OCN levels and downregulation of OPG levels were noted with increasing PRP concentrations at both 24 and 72 h. TGF-beta1 levels were stimulated by increasing concentrations of PRP, with the increased levels being maintained at 72 h.

CONCLUSIONS: PRP preparations exert a dose-specific effect on oral FBs and OBs. Optimal results were observed at a platelet concentration of 2.5 x, which was approximately half of the maximal concentrate that could be obtained. Increased concentrations resulted in a reduction in proliferation and a suboptimal effect on OB function. Hence, different PRP concentrations may have an impact on the results that can be obtained in vivo.

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