Stapled transanal rectal resection under laparoscopic surveillance for rectocele and concomitant enterocele

S Petersen, G Hellmich, A Schuster, D Lehmann, W Albert, K Ludwig
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2006, 49 (5): 685-9

PURPOSE: Stapled transanal rectal resection recently became a recommended surgical procedure for obstructed defecation syndrome. One problem when using a transanal stapling device for rectal surgery is the potential threat to structures located in front of the anterior rectal wall. We decided to perform a combined procedure of transanal rectal resection with a simultaneous laparoscopy for patients with obstructed defecation syndrome and an enterocele.

METHODS: Between November 2002 and May 2005 a total of 41 patients were treated surgically for obstructed defecation syndrome. Four patients with concomitant enterocele underwent stapled transanal rectal resection under laparoscopic surveillance. Before surgery all patients underwent preoperative assessment, including clinical examination, colonoscopy, conventional video defecography, dynamic magnetic resonance imaging defecography, gynecology examinations, and psychologic evaluation.

RESULTS: The mean operative time was 50 (+/-16.5) minutes for the conventional stapled transanal rectal resection and 67 (+/-14.1) minutes for combined laparoscopy and stapled transanal rectal resection (P < 0.01). Three major complications were observed: two had bleeding in the staple line (one from each group) and one had a late abscess in the staple line.

CONCLUSIONS: The combination of the stapled transanal rectal resection procedure and laparoscopy provides the opportunity to perform transanal rectal resection without the threat of intra-abdominal lesions caused by enterocele.

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