Human T-cell leukemia virus type-I Tax induces expression of interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R): Shedding of soluble IL-6R and activation of STAT3 signaling

Sankichi Horiuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Md Zahidunnabi Dewan, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Atsuya Yamashita, Tsutomu Yoshida, Mari A Nowell, Peter J Richards, Simon A Jones, Naoki Yamamoto
International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer 2006 August 15, 119 (4): 823-30
Human T-cell leukemia virus type-I (HTLV-I) encodes for the viral protein Tax, which is known to significantly disrupt transcriptional control of cytokines, cytokine receptors and other immuno-modulatory proteins in T cells. Specific dysregulation of these factors can alter the course and pathogenesis of infection. Soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6R) was shown to circulate at elevated levels in HTLV-I-infected patients, and high expressions of IL-6R and sIL-6R by HTLV-I-infected T cells were clinically and experimentally associated with Tax activity. To examine roles of Tax in expression of the IL-6R gene, the JPX-9 cell line was used, which is derived from Jurkat cell line expressing Tax cDNA. Over-expression of Tax enhanced IL-6R expression but not in Tax mutant JPX-9/M cell line. The clinical relevance of these observations was further demonstrated by ELISA using sera obtained from HTLV-I-infected patients. Our results revealed that sIL-6R levels were apparently elevated in HAM/TSP patients who were expressing Tax in their cells, while ATL patients' cells barely expressed Tax. HTLV-I-infected T-cell lines stimulated by IL-6/sIL-6R showed gp130-mediated STAT3 activity. IL-6/sIL-6R enhanced proliferation of HTLV-I-infected T cells in association with activation of STAT3. Consequently, Tax-mediated regulations of IL-6R and sIL-6R observed in HTLV-I-associated disorders may contribute to proliferation of HTLV-I-infected T cells through activation of inducible STAT3, and ultimately affect malignant growth and transformation of T cells by HTLV-I.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"