A synthetic triterpenoid, CDDO-Me, inhibits IkappaBalpha kinase and enhances apoptosis induced by TNF and chemotherapeutic agents through down-regulation of expression of nuclear factor kappaB-regulated gene products in human leukemic cells

Shishir Shishodia, Gautam Sethi, Marina Konopleva, Michael Andreeff, Bharat B Aggarwal
Clinical Cancer Research 2006 March 15, 12 (6): 1828-38
The C-28 methyl ester of 2-cyano-3,12-dioxoolean-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO-Me), a synthetic triterpenoid based on naturally occurring ursolic and oleanolic acids, induces apoptosis in tumor cells, induces differentiation, and inhibits inflammatory response through a poorly understood mechanism. Because the nuclear transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) has been shown to suppress apoptosis and promote proliferation and is linked with inflammation and differentiation, we postulated that CDDO-Me modulates NF-kappaB activity and NF-kappaB-regulated gene expression. Using human leukemia cell lines and patient samples, we show that CDDO-Me potently inhibits both constitutive and inducible NF-kappaB activated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-1beta, phorbol ester, okadaic acid, hydrogen peroxide, lipopolysaccharide, and cigarette smoke. CDDO-Me was more potent than CDDO and its imidazole derivative. NF-kappaB suppression occurred through inhibition of IkappaBalpha kinase activation, IkappaBalpha phosphorylation, IkappaBalpha degradation, p65 phosphorylation, p65 nuclear translocation, and NF-kappaB-mediated reporter gene transcription. This inhibition correlated with suppression of NF-kappaB-dependent genes involved in antiapoptosis (IAP2, cFLIP, TRAF1, survivin, and bcl-2), proliferation (cyclin d1 and c-myc), and angiogenesis (VEGF, cox-2, and mmp-9). CDDO-Me also potentiated the cytotoxic effects of TNF and chemotherapeutic agents. Overall, our results suggest that CDDO-Me inhibits NF-kappaB through inhibition of IkappaBalpha kinase, leading to the suppression of expression of NF-kappaB-regulated gene products and enhancement of apoptosis induced by TNF and chemotherapeutic agents.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"