Effects of a selective melanin-concentrating hormone 1 receptor antagonist on food intake and energy homeostasis in diet-induced obese mice

Timothy J Kowalski, Brian D Spar, Blair Weig, Constance Farley, John Cook, Lorraine Ghibaudi, Steve Fried, Kim O'Neill, Robert A Del Vecchio, Mark McBriar, Henry Guzik, John Clader, Brian E Hawes, Joyce Hwa
European Journal of Pharmacology 2006 March 27, 535 (1): 182-91
Melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic neuropeptide expressed in the lateral hypothalamus that plays an important role in energy homeostasis. To investigate the pharmacological consequences of inhibiting MCH signaling in murine obesity models, we examined the effect of acute and chronic administration of a selective MCH1 receptor antagonist (SCH-A) in diet-induced obese (DIO) and Lep(ob/ob) mice. Oral administration of SCH-A for 5 consecutive days (30 mg/kg q.d.) produced hypophagia, a loss of body weight and adiposity, and decreased plasma leptin levels in DIO mice, and hypophagia and reduced weight gain in Lep(ob/ob) mice. Chronic administration of SCH-A to DIO mice decreased food intake, body weight and adiposity, and plasma leptin and free fatty acids. These effects were accompanied by increases in several hypothalamic neuropeptides. Acute administration of SCH-A (30 mg/kg) prevented the decrease in energy expenditure associated with food restriction. These results indicate that MCH1 receptor antagonists may be effective in the treatment of obesity.

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