Early lymphocyte recovery after autologous stem cell transplantation predicts superior survival in mantle-cell lymphoma

C Joao, L F Porrata, D J Inwards, S M Ansell, I N Micallef, P B Johnston, D A Gastineau, S N Markovic
Bone Marrow Transplantation 2006, 37 (9): 865-71
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is an effective treatment strategy for mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL) demonstrating significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) when compared to interferon-alpha maintenance therapy of patients in first remission. The study of absolute lymphocyte count at day 15 (ALC-15) after ASCT as a prognostic factor in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) included different lymphoma subtypes. The relationship of ALC-15 after ASCT in MCL has not been specifically addressed. We evaluated the impact of ALC-15 recovery on survival of MCL patients undergoing ASCT. We studied 42 consecutive MCL patients who underwent ASCT at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester from 1993 to 2005. ALC-15 threshold was set at 500 cells/microl. The median follow-up after ASCT was 25 months (range, 2-106 months). The median overall survival (OS) and PFS times were significantly better for the 24 patients who achieved an ALC-15 >or=500 cells/microl compared with 18 patients with ALC-15 <500 cells/microl (not reached vs 30 months, P<0.01 and not reached vs 16 months, P<0.0006, respectively). Multivariate analysis demonstrated ALC-15 to be an independent prognostic factor for OS and PFS. The ALC-15 >or=500 cells/microl is associated with a significantly improved clinical outcome following ASCT in MCL.

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