Paediatric acute peritoneal dialysis in southern Nigeria

I C Anochie, F U Eke
Postgraduate Medical Journal 2006, 82 (965): 228-30

BACKGROUND: Acute peritoneal dialysis (APD) is the preferred treatment for isolated failure of the kidney. The authors reviewed children with acute renal failure (ARF) who had APD in Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

RESULTS: 221 patients, 147 boys and 74 girls (M: F, 1.99:1), mean (SD) age 5.4 (4.9) years had ARF. Dialysis was indicated in 112 cases. The main clinical indication being convulsion/uraemia 30 (26.8%) Only 27 patients (21 boys and 6 girls) had APD, giving an access rate of 24.1%. The commonest dialysis related complication was catheter malfunction 12 (44.4%). The mortality rate among the dialysed patients was 22.2%. Lack of dialysis and intractable hypertension significantly increased mortality (chi2 = 7.13, p<0.01) and (chi2 = 14.9, p<0.001) respectively.

CONCLUSION: APD is effective in reducing mortality of children with ARF. However, there were low dialysis access rate and few complications.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"