JOURNAL ARTICLE

Head to head comparison of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide in patients with/without left ventricular systolic dysfunction

M Vanderheyden, Bartunek, G Claeys, G Manoharan, J F Beckers, L Ide
Clinical Biochemistry 2006, 39 (6): 640-5
16516185

BACKGROUND: Human pro-B-type natriuretic peptide is cleaved into the active B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the inactive fragment NT-proBNP. It is unclear if, similar to BNP, NT-proBNP can be used as a marker of impaired left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). This study evaluated the analytical performance of both assays to detect LV systolic dysfunction.

METHODS: In 72 patients with various degrees of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD), blood analysis for BNP and NT-proBNP was performed prior to cardiac catheterization, using a point-of-care analyzer (Biosite) and a fully automated laboratory analyzer (Roche-Elecsys), respectively. The within-run and between-run imprecision for BNP and NT-proBNP was calculated.

RESULTS: Both markers were able to detect impaired LV EF with the largest area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve for NT-proBNP (NT-proBNP: 0.851 (0.747-0.924); BNP: 0.803 (0.692-0.887) 95% confidence interval; P = 0.07). A significant correlation was observed between BNP and NT-proBNP (r = 0.9; P < 0.0001). Estimating the within-run imprecision, the coefficient of variance for BNP was 3.14% (n = 20, mean 316 ng/L) to 3.32% (n = 20, mean 820 ng/L) and for NT-proBNP 0.9% (n = 20, mean 4390.8 ng/L) to 1.4% (n = 20, mean 225 ng/L). The between-run imprecision for NT-proBNP ranged between 2.1% (n = 20, mean 224.6 ng/L) and 2% (n = 20, mean 4391 ng/L). Optimal discriminator values for BNP and NT-proBNP were 139 ng/L and 358 ng/L, respectively. However, adjusting the BNP cut-off value to 54 ng/L improved the negative predictive value and sensitivity of the assay.

CONCLUSION: Similar to BNP, NT-proBNP is a promising marker in identifying LVSD. Although both assays are reliable and have good analytical performance, their diagnostic cut-off value is dynamic and population-dependent. The slightly wider detection range and the more stable structure of NT-proBNP compared to the BNP assay suggest that NT-proBNP could play an additional role in the evaluation of patients with LV systolic dysfunction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16516185
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"