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JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Ultrasound guided implantation of chest port systems via the lateral subclavian vein]

M Zähringer, J Hilgers, K Krüger, D Strohe, C Bangard, L Neumann, M Warm, M Reiser, U Töx, K Lackner
RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2006, 178 (3): 324-9
16508841

PURPOSE: Retrospective analysis of the success and complication rates of chest port implantation via the lateral subclavian vein.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and June 2004, the lateral subclavian vein in 271 patients (186 women, 85 men, mean age 53.2 years) was punctured guided by ultrasound. This access was used to insert a port system, and the catheter tip was placed at the cavoatrial junction. The port reservoir was implanted in a subcutaneous infraclavicular pocket and fixed to the fascia of the pectoralis muscle. Indications for port implantation were chemotherapy (n = 239), total parenteral nutrition (n = 2) and intravenous medication (n = 30). The patient follow-up was mainly performed either by the oncology division of the department of gynecology or by the department of internal medicine.

RESULTS: A chest port catheter system was successfully implanted in all patients. The catheter remained in place for a mean duration of 269.4 days (SD 192.3 days). No complications occurred during implantation. In the post-interventional period, 6 catheter dysfunctions were found (thrombotic 0.09 per 1000 catheter days; mechanic 0.05 per 1000 catheter days). While one local infection occurred in the early post-interventional period, 3 local and 15 systemic infections were independent of the port catheter placement (0.39 per 1000 catheter days). The rate of port catheter ex-plantation due to dysfunction or infection was 0.07 per 1000 catheter days.

CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided puncture of the lateral subclavian vein is a safe procedure for the insertion of central venous port catheter systems and had a very low complication rate in our study. For further evaluation of our port placement technique, prospective studies compared to placement through the internal jugular vein are necessary.

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