Characterisation of a novel high-purity, double virus inactivated von Willebrand Factor and Factor VIII concentrate (Wilate)

M Stadler, G Gruber, C Kannicht, L Biesert, K U Radomski, H Suhartono, K Pock, A Neisser-Svae, J Weinberger, J Römisch, T-E Svae
Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization 2006, 34 (4): 281-8
This study summarises the biochemical and functional properties of a new generation plasma-derived, double virus inactivated von Willebrand Factor/Factor VIII (VWF/FVIII) concentrate, Wilate, targeted for the treatment of both von Willebrand disease (VWD) and haemophilia A. The manufacturing process comprises two chromatographic steps based on different performance principles, ensuring a high purity of the concentrate (mean specific activity in 15 consecutive production batches: 122 IU FVIII:C/mg total protein) and, thus, minimising the administered protein load to the patient (specification: < or = 15 mg total protein per 900 IU Wilate). The optimised solvent/detergent (S/D) treatment and prolonged terminal dry-heat (PermaHeat) treatment of the lyophilised product at a specified residual moisture (RM) provide two mechanistically independent, effective and robust virus inactivation procedures for enveloped viruses and one step for non-enveloped viruses. These process steps are aggressive enough to inactivate viruses efficiently, but yet gentle enough to maintain the structural integrity and function of the VWF and FVIII molecules, as proven by state-of-the-art assays covering the diverse features of importance. The VWF multimeric pattern is close to the one displayed by normal plasma, with a consistent content of more than 10 multimers, but a relatively lower portion of the very high multimers. The multimeric triplet structure is normal, underlining the gentle and effective manufacturing process, which does not require the addition of protein stabilisers at any step. The balanced activity ratio of VWF to FVIII is close to that of plasma from healthy subjects, rendering Wilate suitable also for the safe and effective treatment of patients with VWD.

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