Lesions in monkey globus pallidus externus exacerbate parkinsonian symptoms

Jianyu Zhang, Gary S Russo, Klaus Mewes, David B Rye, Jerrold L Vitek
Experimental Neurology 2006, 199 (2): 446-53
To further define the role of the external segment of the globus pallidus (GPe) in the development of parkinsonian motor signs, two rhesus monkeys were made parkinsonian with the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Behavioral assessments of bradykinesia and akinesia as well as single neuron recordings in the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi) were performed in both monkeys before and after ablating the sensorimotor portion of GPe. The effects of apomorphine on behavior and neuronal activity were also assessed in the parkinsonian monkeys before and after GPe ablation. We found that lesions in GPe exacerbated parkinsonian symptoms, altered neuronal activity in GPi, and reduced the therapeutic effects of apomorphine. These results support the hypothesis that GPe can influence GPi neuronal activity and is directly involved in parkinsonism. In addition, these data suggest that the inclusion of GPe in pallidotomy lesions for the treatment of Parkinson's disease can block the beneficial effects of antiparkinsonian medications and should be avoided.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"