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JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

An evaluation of systemic inflammatory response syndrome signs in the Sepsis Occurrence In Acutely Ill Patients (SOAP) study

Charles L Sprung, Yasser Sakr, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jean-Roger Le Gall, Konrad Reinhart, V Marco Ranieri, Herwig Gerlach, Jonathan Fielden, C B Groba, Didier Payen
Intensive Care Medicine 2006, 32 (3): 421-7
16479382

OBJECTIVE: To define the frequency and prognostic implications of SIRS criteria in critically ill patients hospitalized in European ICUs.

DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort, multicentre, observational study of 198 ICUs in 24 European countries.

PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: All 3,147 new adult admissions to participating ICUs between 1 and 15 May 2002 were included. Data were collected prospectively, with common SIRS criteria.

RESULTS: During the ICU stay 93% of patients had at least two SIRS criteria [respiratory rate (82%), heart rate (80%)]. The frequency of having three or four SIRS criteria vs. two was higher in infected than non-infected patients (p < 0.01). In non-infected patients having more than two SIRS criteria was associated with a higher risk of subsequent development of severe sepsis (odds ratio 2.6, p < 0.01) and septic shock (odds ratio 3.7, p < 0.01). Organ system failure and mortality increased as the number of SIRS criteria increased.

CONCLUSIONS: Although common in the ICU, SIRS has prognostic importance in predicting infections, severity of disease, organ failure and outcome.

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