Effect of tirofiban therapy on ST segment resolution and clinical outcomes in patients with ST segment elevated acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty

Huseyin Uyarel, Bulent Uzunlar, Sennur Unal Dayi, Zeynep Tartan, Hasan Samur, Hulya Kasikcioglu, Ozgur Akgul, Dilek Simsek, Ismail Erdem, Ertan Okmen, Nese Cam
Cardiology 2006, 105 (3): 168-75

BACKGROUND: In our study, we assessed the effect of glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor inhibition on microvascular flow after acute coronary occlusion using the early sum of ST segment resolution in electrocardiography. Platelets may play a major role in the dissociation of epicardial artery recanalization and tissue level reperfusion, referred to as the 'no-reflow phenomenon'. Therefore, GP IIb/IIIa receptor inhibition might improve myocardial reperfusion, distinct from its effects on epicardial patency.

METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and fifteen patients (mean age 57.7 +/- 12.2 years, 96 males, 19 females) with < or = 12-hour acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention were retrospectively enrolled into the study. Patients were grouped according to whether they received tirofiban therapy or not. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters were evaluated. The first sum of ST segment elevation amounts in millimeters was obtained immediately before angioplasty and the second 60 min after restoration of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction III flow. The difference between the two measurements was accepted as resolution of the sum of ST segment elevation and expressed as SigmaSTR. There were no significant differences between the groups regarding age, gender, cardiovascular risk factors, and laboratory parameters, duration from angina onset to the emergency unit, and from door to angioplasty. SigmaSTR was higher in patients who received tirofiban than in those who did not (7.2 +/- 2.8 and 4.2 +/- 2.6 mm, respectively; p < 0.001). There was a significant and positive correlation between GP IIb/IIIa inhibition and SigmaSTR (r = 0.336, p < 0.001), as well as between ejection fraction and SigmaSTR (r = 0.310, p < 0.001). GP IIb/IIIa inhibition was the only independent determinant of SigmaSTR in a multivariate linear regression model which contains 10 variables (p < 0.001). The incidence of in-hospital post-myocardial infarction refractory angina, reinfarction, and heart failure was significantly lower in the tirofiban group (p < 0.05, p < 0.05, and p < 0.05, respectively). Additionally, after 30 days, reinfarction and heart failure were lower in the tirofiban group (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: It is well known that SigmaSTR determines microvascular perfusion. This study shows that GP IIb/IIIa inhibition with tirofiban is of value in preserving microvascular perfusion after restoring coronary thrombolysis in myocardial infarction III flow.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"