Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy: the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center experience

Pedro T Ramirez, Brian M Slomovitz, Pamela T Soliman, Robert L Coleman, Charles Levenback
Gynecologic Oncology 2006, 102 (2): 252-5

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the feasibility and morbidity of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent a total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy at our institution between May 2004 and August 2005. Data collected included age, body mass index, stage, histopathologic subtype, tumor grade, estimated blood loss, perioperative blood transfusions, number and status of lymph nodes obtained, status of surgical margins, length of hospital stay, time to resumption of normal bladder function, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and disease-free interval.

RESULTS: Twenty patients underwent total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy during the study period. None of the surgeries required conversion to laparotomy. The median patient age was 41.5 years (range, 25-76). Eighteen patients had cervix cancer (5 stage IA2 and 13 stage IB1), and 2 had endometrial cancer (1 stage IB and 1 stage IIIA). Among those with cervix cancer, 12 had adenocarcinoma, 4 squamous cell carcinoma, and 2 adenosquamous carcinoma. The median weight was 70 kg (range, 49-112). The median number of resected pelvic lymph nodes was 13 (range, 9-26). One patient had nodal disease. The surgical margins were free of disease in all cases. The median blood loss was 200 ml (range, 25-700 ml). Only 1 patient required an intraoperative blood transfusion (1 U packed red blood cells). The median length of hospital stay was 1 day (range, 1-5). There were 3 short-term complications--unintentional cystotomy, pulmonary embolus, and pneumomediastinum with subcutaneous emphysema. There were 2 long-term complications--vaginal eviscerations and a lymphocyst. The median time to resumption of normal bladder function was 16 days (range, 13-29). The median follow-up time was 8 months range (1-16). All patients remain free of disease at the time of this report.

CONCLUSIONS: Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy can be performed safely with minimal blood loss and postoperative morbidity, and patients undergoing this procedure may be discharged after an overnight stay in the hospital.

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