COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
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Congenital mitral valve surgery: techniques and results.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Congenital lesions of the mitral valve are rare. Conservative surgery is recognized as the best option. In complex anatomy, however, replacement is the only solution to achieve an acceptable result. This review aims to study the long-term follow-up of classical treatments, conservative or replacement, and to examine new technical advances.

RECENT FINDINGS: The long-term results of conservative surgery are confirmed with a low incidence of reoperation except in mitral valve stenosis. The Ross II operation using a pulmonary autograft is a difficult technique that may be useful in the youngest patient group when prosthetic devices cannot be used.

SUMMARY: In the last few years, surgery of congenital mitral valve lesions has gained from echocardiography, which shows the exact function and anatomy of the mitral valve. The tendency is to avoid multistage operations. Valve replacement by biologic material (Ross II) is still under clinical evaluation.

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