Novel ground- and excited-state prototropic reactivity of a hydroxycarboxyflavylium salt

Luísa Paulo, Adilson A Freitas, Palmira Ferreira da Silva, Karina Shimizu, Frank H Quina, António L Maçanita
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A 2006 February 16, 110 (6): 2089-96
Synthetic and natural hydroxyflavylium salts are super-photoacids, exhibiting values of the rate constant for proton transfer to water in the excited state as high as 1.5 x 10(11) s(-1). The synthetic flavylium salt 4-carboxy-7-hydroxy-4'-methoxyflavylium chloride (CHMF) has an additional carboxyl group at the 4-position of the flavylium cation that deprotonates in the ground state at a lower pH (pK(a1) = 0.73; AH2+ --> Z) than the 7-hydroxy group (pK(a2) = 4.84; Z --> A-). Ground-state deprotonation of the carboxyl group of the acid (AH2+) to form the zwitterion (Z) is too fast to be detected by nanosecond laser flash perturbation of the ground-state equilibrium, while deprotonation of the hydroxyl group of Z to form the anionic base (A-) occurs in the microsecond time range (k(d2) = 0.6 x 10(6) s(-1) and k(p2) = 4.2 x 10(10) M(-1) x s(-1)). In the excited state, the cationic form (AH2+) deprotonates in approximately 9 ps, resulting in the excited neutral base form (AH), which is unstable in the ground state. Deprotonation of Z occurs in 30 ps (k(d2) = 2.9 x 10(10) s(-1)), to form excited A-, which either reprotonates (k(p3)* = 3.7 x 10(10) M(-1) x s(-1)) or decays in 149 ps, and shows an important contribution from geminate recombination to give the excited neutral base (AH). Predominant reprotonation of A- at the carboxylate group reflects both the presence of the negative charge on the carboxylate and the increase in the excited-state pK(a) of the carboxyl group. Thus, while the hydroxyl pK(a) decreases by approximately 5 units upon going from the ground state (pK(a) = 4.84) to the excited state (pK(a) = -0.2), that of the carboxyl group increases by at least this much. Consequently, the excited state of the Z form of CHMF acts as a molecular proton transporter in the picosecond time range.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"